Systematic extraction of diagnostic data items for common high-risk pregnancies using Delphi technique

  • Kolsoum Deldar PhD candidate of Medical Informatics, Student Research Committee, Department of Medical Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
  • Seyed Mahmood Tara Assistant professor, Department of Medical Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
  • Majid Jangi 1- PhD candidate of Medical Informatics, Student Research Committee, Department of Medical Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Keywords: High-risk pregnancy, medical consultation, remote consultation

Abstract

Introduction

The quality of clinical decisions being made every day by on-call physicians are totally based on the quality of medical information they receive during telephone consultations with residents. Some basic factors such as the right selection of medical items, type and format, and also the volume of such information may highly affect the quality of remote consultations. Therefore, developing a trusted standard model for such clinical communication seems vital. In this research, we used Delphi technique to develop a set of information items in form of clinical decision archetypes to standardize teleconsultation in high-risk pregnancies.

Methods

A multi-stage cross-sectional study was conducted to exploit the diagnostic items for the most common high-risk pregnancies in three obstetrics and gynecology department of educational hospitals, Mashhad, Iran.     

Results

Our study revealed eclampsia/preeclampsia, hemorrhage, PROM, pre-term and post-term delivery as the most common high-risk pregnancies in the hospitals being studied. 189 clinically-important items were extracted from scientific references and then hand-filtered to 128 items by the participating gynecology and obstetrics experts. The final items were categorized into five classes including general information, chief complaint / current problem, medical history, clinical examination, and paraclinic tests.

Conclusion

 In this study, a set of clinical decision archetype was developed to improve the decisions being made in high risk pregnancies.

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Published
2017-11-29
Section
Conference proceedings and abstracts